FAQs of Endometriosis

February 29, 2024

According to the World Health Organization, Endometriosis affects roughly 10% (190 million) of reproductive-age women and girls globally. If you or someone you know is affected by Endometriosis, you may already know that it is a chronic disease.  It is a chronic disease that involves pain during periods, sexual intercourse, bowel movements and/or urination, chronic pelvic pain, abdominal bloating, nausea, fatigue, and sometimes depression, anxiety, and infertility. This may also leave you with more questions.  Follow along as we cover the FAQs of Endometriosis.

What Causes Endometriosis?

The cause of endometriosis is not yet fully understood, but there are several theories. These include retrograde menstruation, immune system disorders, hormonal imbalances, and genetic factors. It is believed that endometriosis can also occur during fetal development. This means that the condition may start developing while the baby is inside the uterus of its mother. However, the exact cause of endometriosis may vary from person to person.

How Is Endometriosis Diagnosed?

Diagnosis of endometriosis typically requires a review of medical history, pelvic examination, imaging tests such as ultrasound, and often a laparoscopy, which is a minimally invasive surgical procedure used to visualize and diagnose endometriosis.

Can Endometriosis Be Seen On Imaging?

“Unfortunately, most of the time, no. The vast majority of endometriosis is superficial endometriosis, meaning that it’s almost like paint spackling on a wall, that we can’t see it unless we actually go in and take a look surgically. The exception to that is if there’s endometriosis actually growing into organs in the pelvis or the abdomen like the bowel or the bladder. That’s called deep-infiltrating endometriosis. In those scenarios, we can frequently see that disease either on ultrasound or on MRI.” – Megan Wasson, D.O., a minimally invasive gynecologic surgeon at Mayo Clinic.

Can Endometriosis Cause Infertility?

Endometriosis is a condition that can lead to infertility in women by interfering with the normal function of the reproductive organs. However, it’s important to note that not all women with endometriosis experience infertility. There are various treatment options that can help improve fertility outcomes for those who do.

What Are The Treatment Options for Endometriosis?

Treatment for endometriosis aims to manage symptoms, reduce inflammation, and improve quality of life. Options may include pain medication, hormonal therapy (such as birth control pills or GnRH agonists), surgery to remove endometrial tissue or adhesions, and lifestyle changes.

Is Endometriosis Curable?

Although there is no cure for endometriosis, it can be managed through various treatment options to improve the quality of life for those affected. With proper support and management, many individuals with endometriosis can lead fulfilling lives.

Endometriosis is a complex medical condition that requires a proper understanding, support, and comprehensive management. It is essential to address common questions and misconceptions surrounding endometriosis to empower individuals with the knowledge and resources they need to navigate their journey with this condition effectively. If you think you may have endometriosis or have concerns about your symptoms, please schedule your appointment with GYN Women’s Centre of Lakewood Ranch.  We offer compassionate care for women at any stage of life.